Topics For Consideration With Effortless Plans
16-111, involves a clash between laws that prohibit businesses open to the public from discriminating based on sexual orientation and claims of religious freedom. On one side are religious people and companies that say the government should not force them to choose between the requirements of their faiths and their livelihoods. On the other are gay and lesbian couples who say they are entitled to equal treatment from businesses that choose to serve the general public. The Supreme Court’s earlier decisions and Justice [Anthony] Kennedy’s conflicting impulses about gay rights and free speech make the outcome hard to predict. In 2015, in a majority opinion written by Justice Kennedy, the court established a constitutional right to same-sex marriage , and the court has in recent decades consistently ruled in favor of gay rights. But the court has also shown solicitude for businesses run on religious principles, as when it ruled in 2014 that some companies could not be required to provide free contraceptive coverage for their female workers. Justice Kennedy voted with the majority. This excerpt emphasizes the religious freedom issue at the expense of the other key point that baker and artisan Jack Phillips, and his legal team, is actually raising: Must he be compelled to create expressive works that violate his beliefs? Would the same standard be applied to other artists dealing with controversial content issues?
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